|Transcript ID (GRCh37/hg19)||ENST00000264709|
|Tumor Type||Primary Site|
This gene is a known cancer gene.
DNMT3A is a DNA methyltransferase. Recurrent, somatic, heterozygous mutations in DNMT3A have been reported in approximately 18-25% of cases of acute myeloid leukemia (up to 34% of normal karyotype AML), 12-18% of cases of myelodysplastic syndrome, up to 15% of myeloproliferative neoplasms, less than 5% of cases of chronic myelomonocytic leukemia and 15% of cases of adult, eary T cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia. DNMT3A is also one of the most frequently mutated genes in CHIP and CCUS. Mutations in DNMT3A may occur together with mutations in other genes including JAK2, FLT3, IDH1/IDH2, ASXL1, TET2 and NPM1. DNMT3A mutations have been associated with reduced enzymatic activity or altered histone binding, as well as reduced DNA methylation in various genomic regions and altered gene expression in some models. Codon R882 is a hotspot for mutations in DNMT3A. DNMT3A mutations may be associated with adverse prognosis in specific subtypes of AML according to some, but not all studies; the prognostic significance of DNMT3A in AML may depend on patient age, type of DNMT3A mutation (R882 or non-R882 mutation) and the co-existence (or absence) of specific mutations in other genes. DNMT3A mutations may also be associated with adverse prognosis in MDS according to some studies.