SRSF2 is a member of the serine/arginine-rich family of pre-mRNA splicing factors, which constitute part of the spliceosome. It interacts with other spliceosomal components bound to both the 5- and 3-splice sites during spliceosome assembly. SRSF2 mutations typically occur as missense mutations at Pro95. SRSF2 mutations have been reported in approximately 40% of cases of chronic myelomonocytic leukemia, but they may not have prognostic significance in that entity. Comutation of TET2 and SRSF2 was highly predictive of a myeloid neoplasm characterized by myelodysplasia and monocytosis, including but not limited to, chronic myelomonocytic leukemia. In addition, SRSF2 mutations have been reported in approximately 15-20% of cases of myelodysplastic syndrome. SRSF2 mutations have also been described in 5-20% of patients with acute myeloid leukemia and appear to be enriched among AML patients with reduced blast counts. SRSF2 has been found to be mutated in approximately 10% of cases of primary myelofibrosis where mutations may occur together with mutations in JAK2, MPL, TET2, CBL, ASXL1, EZH2, IDH1/2. SRSF2 mutations are also present in 8% of blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm and 3% of polythemia vera. SRSF2 mutations tend to be (although are not entirely) exclusive of mutations in other splicing factor components. SRSF2 mutations are associated with a poor prognosis in myelodysplastic syndrome (NCCN Guidelines for Myelodysplastic Syndromes), primary myelofibrosis, polycythemia vera, and KIT D816V-mutated advanced systemic mastocytosis. SRSF2 mutations are also reported to be highly specific for secondary acute myeloid leukemia, and may also be helpful in identifying a subset of elderly patients with de novo acute myeloid leukemia and therapy-related AML with worse clinical outcomes.