The cytoplasmic b-catenin protein is implicated as a cell-cell adhesion regulator coupled with cadherin and is considered as a member in the wingless/Wnt signal transduction pathway. Mutations in CTNNB1, the gene encoding b-catenin, tend to impact or even eliminate APC-dependent serine and threonine phosphorylation sites in exon 3, resulting in oncogenic stabilization of the protein. Mutations in the b-catenin gene are uncommon in NSCLC occurring in about 1-4% of the cases. This particular variant has not been described lung adenocarcinomas but is located in a hotspot, thus likely to be oncogenic. Clinical correlation is recommended.
Shigemitsu K, et al. Genetic alteration of the beta-catenin gene (CTNNB1) in human lung cancer and malignant mesothelioma and identification of a new 3p21.3 homozygous deletion. Oncogene 2001;20(31):4249-57
Mazieres J, et al. Wnt signaling in lung cancer. Cancer Lett 2005;222(1):1-10
Stewart DJ Wnt signaling pathway in non-small cell lung cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst 2014;106(1):djt356
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