The APC gene encodes a tumor suppressor protein that acts as an antagonist of the Wnt signaling pathway. APC promotes rapid degradation of beta-catenin and participates in Wnt signaling as a negative regulator. APC is also involved in other processes including cell migration, cell adhesion, transcriptional activation and apoptosis. Germline defects in this gene cause familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), an autosomal dominant pre-malignant disease that usually progresses to malignancy. Disease-associated mutations tend to be clustered in a small region designated the mutation cluster region (MCR) and result in a truncated protein product. Codon I1307 lies within a regulatory region of the APC protein mediated by ubiquitination. Germline APC I1307K is associated with increased colorectal cancer risk by making the gene unstable and prone to acquire mutations during normal cell division. The germline APC I1307K gene mutation is most commonly found in people of Ashkenazi Jewish descent. Therefore, routine colorectal screening is very important in these individuals. APC somatic mutations are found in less than 1% of thyroid carcinomas. The I1307K has not been reported as a somatic mutation in thyroid carcinoma to date. The prognostic and therapeutic implications of somatic APC mutations in thyroid carcinoma remain to be fully elucidated. Correlation with other clinical and lab findings is recommended.