NRAS gene belongs to the family of RAS genes. It encodes a G protein that is important in the transmission of growth-promoting signals from the cell surface receptors to the nucleus through RAS-RAF- mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)-AKT cell signaling pathways. NRAS mutations are the most common type of RAS mutations in thyroid nodules. Activating point mutations in NRAS gene have been associated with follicular-patterned neoplasms including follicular adenoma, follicular carcinoma and follicular variant papillary thyroid carcinoma cases. NRAS mutations have been also detected in a subset of poorly differentiated carcinoma and anaplastic carcinoma. NRAS mutations concentrate in codon 61, while those in codons 12 or 13 are rare. According to some studies, there is a significant correlation between RAS mutations and distant bone metastases among follicular and papillary carcinomas. However, RAS mutations are also frequently found in encapsulated follicular variant of papillary carcinoma, a tumor with an indolent behavior. Clinical correlation is recommended.