Eighty percent of all thyroid cancers are papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTCs). BRAF is part of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway and V600E is an activating mutation of BRAF. The BRAF V600E mutation has been reported in 45% of patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma. The BRAF V600E-like PTC's (BVL) and the RAS-like PTC (RL-PTC) are fundamentally different in their genomic, epigenomic, and proteomic profiles. Presence of a BRAF p.Val600Glu (V600E) mutation is highly specific for papillary thyroid carcinoma and is only rarely associated with the follicular variant PTC , other well-differentiated thyroid neoplasms or nodular goiters. The possible prognostic impact of BRAF V600E mutations in papillary carcinoma of the thyroid continues to be studied. FDA approved dabrafenib and trametinib administered together for the treatment of BRAF V600E mutation-positive anaplastic thyroid cancer.