|Variant(s)||TP53 copy number loss|
|Tumor(s)||Acute Myeloid Leukemia|
TP53 is a well known tumor suppressor gene that is mutated in wide variety of cancers. In terms of myeloid disorders, missense, nonsense, and frameshift mutations of TP53 tend to occur in the DNA binding domain and have been reported in approximately 4% of cases of AML where they tend to be associated with a poorer prognosis and an adverse cytogenetic risk profile. TP53 mutations also occur in approximately 10% of patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and are often associated with poorer prognosis, adverse cytogenetic profile and deletion of 5q either in isolation or as part of a complex karyotype.
Muhlbacher V, et al. Acute lymphoblastic leukemia with low hypodiploid/near triploid karyotype is a specific clinical entity and exhibits a very high TP53 mutation frequency of 93%. Genes Chromosomes Cancer 2014;53(6):524-36
Chiaretti S, et al. TP53 mutations are frequent in adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia cases negative for recurrent fusion genes and correlate with poor response to induction therapy. Haematologica 2013;98(5):e59-61
Disclaimer: You assume full responsibility for all risks associated with using this PMKB website. The IPM makes no guarantee of the comprehensiveness, reliability or accuracy of the information on this website and the IPM assumes no responsibility for errors in the information associated with this web site. Healthcare providers and patients must integrate all clinical and laboratory findings as well as information from a variety of sources before deciding on appropriate clinical care options.