BRAF codon(s) 600 any
Presence of a BRAF c.1799T>A, p.Val600Glu (V600E) mutation in a microsatellite unstable colorectal carcinoma indicates that the tumor is probably sporadic and not associated with Lynch syndrome (HNPCC). However, if a BRAF mutation is not detected, the tumor may either be sporadic or Lynch syndrome associated. Detection of BRAF mutations may also be useful in determining patient eligibility for anti-EGFR treatment. Approximately 8--15% of colorectal cancer (CRC) tumors harbor BRAF mutations. The presence of BRAF mutation is significantly associated with right-sided colon cancers and is associated with decreased overall survival. Some studies have reported that patients with metastatic CRC (mCRC) that harbor BRAF mutations do not respond to anti-EGFR antibody agents cetuximab or panitumumab in the chemotherapy-refractory setting. BRAF V600-mutated CRCs may not be sensitive to V600E targeted TKIs. Drug: Vemurafenib + Panitumumab, Encorafenib + Binimetinib + Cetuximab, Radiation + Trametinib + Fluorouracil
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